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Nutrition seriously affects pet health, especially as your pet ages. Weight management is one of the most critical factors in maintaining pet health. We do not recommend giving your pet unlimited access to food (free feeding) as very few pets will maintain a lean body condition. The standard serving for felines and canines is 120-170 calories per pound of body weight. During a routine exam, we can discuss the exact amount of food to add or subtract from your pet’s diet based on breed, activity level, and current body condition. Remember that overweight pets are more likely to suffer from arthritis, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and skin problems.
Pet food classifications:
The following pet food classifications are as defined by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO).
By-products – Animal by-products are what's left of a slaughtered animal after the parts intended for human consumption have been removed. This includes some very nutritious organ meats such as liver, spleen, heart and kidneys. (These organ meats are highly valued by wild animals and are often the first eaten). By-products may be labeled by the type of meat, such as "chicken by-product', or they may be labeled "by-product meal". Pet food grade by-product meal has been cooked down and processed into a protein powder. These are all acceptable and nutritious. Generic or unlabeled by-product meal should be avoided.
Natural – Natural pet food is defined as having ingredients that are obtained entirely from plants, animals, and/or mined sources. Natural pet food is free from all chemical processing or chemically synthesized ingredients (such as propylene glycol, a common additive)
Organic* – Organic pet food is, at minimum, 95% produced and handled in observance of all USDA National Organic Program requirements. If advertised as 100% organic, then 100% of the ingredients (including additives) must be organic.
Keep in mind that a pet food classification does not dictate superiority. Many pet food manufacturers market their natural or organic foods as being better than pet foods with by-product, but that isn’t always the case. Some organic and natural foods lack the vitamins and minerals that a food with by-product can offer. The main goal of pet food is to maintain a nutritious and balanced diet; this can be obtained with the right pet food, regardless of what category it fits into. If you need help choosing proper pet food, our veterinary staff will happily provide you with our recommendations.
Medicated diets are created to augment nutritional needs for pets dealing with illness or disease. A variety of manufacturers design pet food specifically for pets suffering from allergies, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, pancreatitis, and more. If you think a medicated diet would benefit your pet, contact our office today.
As your pet ages their need for phosphorus, sodium, calcium, and protein lessen while their need for fiber increases. Dietary supplements can help meet your pet’s needs as they age. Supplements also serve a therapeutic function. Vitamins and glucosamine are just some of the beneficial supplements available for your pet. Please ask us if you have any questions about your pet's needs.
Common pet food concerns
Q: Is there a significant difference between puppy food, adult dog food, and senior dog food? Or is there a substantial difference between kitten food, adult cat food, and senior cat food?
A: Young pets, adults, and elderly animals all have different nutritional needs, and therefore need different diets. Puppies and kittens need higher proteins and more fats, while elderly pets need more supplements integrated into their diet. Neglecting to acknowledge your pet’s specific nutritional needs could result in negative health effects.
Q: How do I know if my pet has a food allergy? And what do I do next?
A: Many food allergies result in ear infections, skin problems, or intermittent gastrointestinal upset. Some tell-tale signs of food allergy may include excessive licking of the paws, recurrent ear infections, chronic itching or skin infections that don't respond to medications, or recurrent gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, vomiting, or excessive gas. You can try changing your pet's food to a higher quality brand, or change the protein base of the food. Wait 4-6 weeks after introducing the new food to see if your pet improves. If you are still having issues a prescription diet may be indicated.
Q: Can my pet benefit from a raw diet or homemade meals?
A: Because raw meats can contain E. coli and Salmonella we recommend that you do not feed your pet raw meat. While a raw diet can provide an abundance of protein, it lacks in other vital nutrients and can be harmful to older pets.
Homemade meals can be beneficial for your pet when prepared by a licensed pet nutritionist. Many of us believe that because homemade meals are healthier for humans, they must also be healthier for pets. When properly balanced, a homemade diet can be beneficial, but unless you have extensive knowledge of pet nutrition, preparing your own meals can be harmful to your pet.
Q: Are there pet treats meant for obese animals?
A: While most pet treats are usually high in fat and calories, there are options for overweight animals. Many gourmet pet treats are sweetened with honey rather than sugar which cuts down on the carbohydrate content. There are also weight management dog treats available at most national retailers that offer low-sodium, sugar-free, or grain-free (low carb) options. Other pet treats include dehydrated natural vegetables, such as sweet potatoes, and for hot days, you can offer your pet frozen vegetables (peas, carrots, soy beans). A good rule to follow is that treats should never consume more than 10% of your pet’s total food consumption.
Q: There are many TV commercials that state corn is unhealthy for my pet’s diet. What is wrong with corn?
A: It used to be a common belief that corn was the number one cause for pet food allergies. However, current studies show that less than 3% of pet food allergies are caused by corn, and more than 70% are the result of chicken, beef, dairy, or wheat. If your pet is not allergic to corn, it is highly beneficial to include it in a pet’s diet, because it offers several antioxidants and is an excellent source of proteins that help with muscle and tissue growth.